What can phantom limb pain teach us about the human brain

This pain is very intense and the worst thing is that it is both unrelenting and untreatable. This has led to more than one cause of patients contemplating suicide and even having doubt whether they will live long in their lifetimes (Bruce, 2011). The phantom limbs scenario has been there since antiquity since there is considerable evidence of folklore associated with the phantom limbs. According to Darting (2013), it is documented and researched that approximately 99 % of patients with these amputated arms, legs, or other body parts experience and are accustomed to the phantom pain. The question that most scientists ask is why the mind cannot accept the loss and consequently reshape its bodily image. This only proves that the images of the body or other associated mind elements and aspects are firmly and strongly laid down by the genetic material in them that they cannot change in the face of an amputation. Thesis statement The phantom limb can teach so much about the human brain. According to Ramachandran (1999), the phantom limb pain is the cause by brain changes. He argues that the phantom limb pain is not caused in the widely believed peripheral nerves that exist near the phantom limbs. This means basically that the phantom limb has a lot to teach the entire science fraternity about the human brain. This is the thesis statement. …
The pain process in the brain greatly and significantly affects the perception of a person’s stimulus reaction. Sensation is simply the function of low-level neurological and biochemical events that start with impinging of a specific stimulus on the receptor cells of a specified sensory organ (Mandik, 2010). In regard to the phantom limbs, it is primarily the detection of elementary properties of the stimulus that is initiated by the phantom limb pain. The perception of the phantom limb pain is the reaction that is elicited by the patients due to the excruciating pain. Perception is simply the mental state or process representing the understanding and awareness of the real-world as a result of the input by the sensory element. The ultimate goal of sensation is the detection while that of perception is simply creation of useful information about the patient’s surrounding. The phantom limb pain is registered in the human brain when the receptor cells receive the stimulus. The brain exhibits the intense pain associated with the amputated limb and this makes the person to perceive it as the missing leg, finger, or arm. This in the end makes the different sensory cells to still try to function as though the amputated leg, arm, or finger is still existent and this result to the phantom limb pain. What can phantom limb pain teaches about the human brain According to Ramachandran and Blakesleee (1998), the phantom limb pain is the cause by brain changes. He has argued like many other neuroscientists that the phantom limb pain is not caused in the widely believed peripheral nerves that exist near the phantom limbs. The phantom limb originates from the ideology that inside the brain there exist a full map of the

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