The aim of this paper will be achieved by fulfilling the objectives of critically assessing the systems upon which statutory childcare delivery is based, and childcare policies and systems in the context of anti-oppressive practice. The key issues to be addressed in the paper will be in the context of safeguarding children, common assessment framework and its significance as an anti-oppressive as well as voluntary system, and the recent review of Lord Laming’s report and the government’s views. Eight-year-old Victoria Climbie from the Ivory Coast in the southern part of West Africa had been taken to the United Kingdom in April 1999 by her great-aunt Marie-Therese Kouao under the pretext of providing her with an education and the chance of a brighter future. She was subjected to severe cruelty, abuse and neglect by the guardian and her boyfriend Carl Manning over a period of several months. Victoria died in February 2000 from multiple organ failure due to hypothermia caused by malnourishment and living in damp conditions with her movement constrained (Bridgeman 2007, p.62). Moreover, the postmortem revealed 128 injuries to her body, as a result of severe physical abuse. The Laming Inquiry in 2003 focused on the role of the public services responsible for protecting children from harm, comprising the police, social services and he, lth authorities to whom Victoria was referred due to concerns about deliberately inflicted injuries. Though on twelve different occasions members of the social, health and protective services had the opportunity to see her condition, no one took action to assess the likelihood of the child being subjected to continued abuse. Lord Laming recommended that in the future, effective child protection had to be ensured through support for the family as well as multi-agency working (Bridgeman 2007).