Very often the plans and strategies adopted by the terrorists are aimed at exerting pressure upon the government to change its policies. For this reason, they often resort to violent and inhuman methods of mass destruction, such as bombings, by targeting transportation or crowded places to increase anxiety and fear in the common man so that the government is forced to succumb to the terrorists’ pressures to avoid further bloodshed or disruption. Terrorist activities like the attacks on Israeli athletes in the 1972 Olympics and crashing planes into the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, have received a lot of media coverage which caused fear among the mass audience and directed their attention to the terrorists’ cause.
The underlying reasons for terrorism are many and varied. Commenting on the reasons behind terrorist activities, the Report of the National Commission on Terrorism states, “People turn to terrorism for various reasons. Many terrorists act from political, ideological or religious convictions. Some are simply criminals for hire. Others become terrorists because of perceived oppression or economic deprivation.” (Countering the Challenging Threat of International terrorism). Terrorists often claim to undertake terrorist activities by convincing their supporters that they are standing for the welfare of some ethnic groups, religious minorities or even for the national cause of the country. In some cases, people are trained specially to suit terrorist causes: they strongly believe that what they are doing is the right thing. Thus extreme narrow nationalism and false ideologies are instilled in their minds even from childhood, which makes them iron-willed to undertake any inhuman deeds to acquire their goals.
Terrorism can also stem from constant suppression, oppression, marginalization and inequality. Thus, it can be constructed that terrorist fanatic outbreaks occur due to injustice done to a group of people or race and they embark on violence when they feel that they had been wronged: “Fanaticism feeds on the grievance, and grievance is nurtured by deeply felt injustice. .  .