Indian Migrant Workers in Gulf Cooperation Council States (Modern Slavery)

decades and the resultant increased economic activity are necessitating high number of employees, and so prospective workers from the Third World Countries particularly India are brought in to meet the demands. Indian workers for their part are lured by the ‘high’ salaries and the prospect of better life. However, Indian workers are forced to work in undesirable work environment, paid less than average salaries, offered substandard living accommodation, and more than that physically and mentally abused, thus necessitating various players including the International and national government bodies, as well as NGOs to play a protective and supportive role.Globalization that got optimized from 1990s facilitated the entry of many Multinational Companies into the GCC states, and along with the local companies, they have been recruiting high number of migrant workers particularly from India, so much so these India migrant workers make up a sizable part of the local population. India is the principal country of origin for the 17 million migrants in GCC countries, with around 26 percent of all households in the Indian state of Kerala having at least one temporary international migrant, and 89 percent of these were in GCC countries. (Clemens 1). When a prospective Indian migrant work sees the improved financial status of already working migrant workers, which also positively reflects on the families living in India, he/she wants to take the migration route to GCC countries. Plus, the lure of better salaries, when compared to the income from the local jobs and better lifestyle further elicits them. However, when they land in GCC countries, many Indian migrant workers may not face a favorable environment, and instead could be forced to undergo a lot of hardships, thereby earning the term Modern slavery. Firstly and basically, these workers have to maintain their migrant status throughout their course of stay, without any chance of becoming those countries’ citizens,

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