HIV/AIDS in South Africa and China

The HIV/AIDS epidemic first came to the lime light in the early 1980s and has ever since puzzled scientists and researchers around the world. The scourge accounts for many deaths in their millions around the world and is now one of the leading economic burdens globally. Particularly the poor sub Saharan Africa is the most affected region of the world accounting for approximately 70% of the infected population worldwide. Transmission in the poorer states especially in Africa and Latina America is largely through heterosexual relationships in commercial sex as well as in marriage and long-term relationships. South Africa falls here, and is one of the leading regions in terms of numbers of the already infected as well as the rising new infection rates under this region. In contrast, in other developed countries, transmission is predominantly among drug addicts during injection, homosexuals, and commercial sex workers. However, lately the transmission has changed significantly especially in the Asian and Eastern Europe regions. The virus is now mostly being transmitted through heterosexual intercourse in places where only drug injecting addicts and gays. In parts of Asia, where it has generically being transmitted among injecting drug users, commercial sex workers, gays and their clientele , is increasingly being found in other sectors of the society considered as low- risk areas through heterosexual transmissions. China falls under this region and is recording increased rates of infection from heterosexual ways (Joseph et. al. 314). In the case of South Africa, the news article, “South Africa launches new drive to cut HIV infection”, focuses on the monetary implications of fighting the…
In the case of South Africa, the news article, “South Africa launches new drive to cut HIV infection”, focuses on the monetary implications of fighting the scourge through provision of preventive measures as well as well as providing various therapies. The newspaper article focuses on the various methods used to curb the spread of the disease, emphasising on. the benefits of taking up anti retroviral therapies and their effectiveness in prolonging lives as well as reducing the probability of spreading the virus, and the impact of male circumcision in lowering the spread of the virus in men. Issues like the effect of policy on the initiatives taken to lower the spread, foreign aid, local initiatives and traditional systems in managing the situation. The author of the article delivers a well thought out framework for both the local citizenry and decision makers in containing the effects of the scourge on the nation and by extension the rest of sub Saharan Africa.
The china situation is quite the opposite of the South African case. Here the article, “China Reveals Significant Surge of HIV/AIDS Cases Among its Citizens”, captures a developing trend in the society, which is leading to changes in the way people go around their daily life in the process encouraging the spread of the disease in new ways. The focus is on the soaring cases of new infections, which are resulting from the generically unpopular sources of new transmissions. Here the focus is on putting an end to the new way in which the disease is finding its way into the society.

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