Health care system in UK

A major part of overall health care services are provided by the National Health Service (NHS) in England which is publicly funded. The Department of Health also shares the responsibility of providing medical facilities to residents of UK. The charges are applicable in case of dental treatment, eye care services, personal care and prescriptions.
The responsibility of delivering medical facilities lies on 10 "Strategic Health Authorities" of NHS. They monitor and maintain the quality of services and development plans for area based improvement in healthcare industry. There are trusts and other entities that monitor further healthcare requirements. The Social care service responsibilities are shared with the localized NHS branches and also weith "Government Directors of Social Services" who are guided by the Department of Health. The "National Health Service Act 1946" was implemented on 5 July 1948 as a result of which the private healthcare system continues side by side with the NHS. A large section of the expenses is paid by insurance policies although it is utilized by only 8% of the country’s population. (Survey of the general public’s views on NHS system reform in England)
There are 2 major trusts in NHS that reflect the provider as well as purchaser tole. The "Commissioning trust" looks after the local requirements and negotiates with the service provider for medical facilities in the area. There are "Provider trust" that are a part of NHS and delivers the services to masses. "Primary Care Trust" is the most renowned commissioning trust which provides services like community nursing, meantal healthcare, general physicians and local clinics. Primary care services are delivered by the large group of independent vendors like the optometrists, dentists, GPs and pharmacists. As a matter of fact they are the main point of contact for common people. Acute healthcare or secondary care are basically sought after in case of exigencies although most of them is provided by the NHS. The Constitution of NHS encapsulates all the obligations and rights of the healthcare professionals and patients, most of which are legally. NHS services are quite popularly sought after by the masses in UK. In a survey performed in the year 2004 it was revealed that the NHS users were extremely satisfied with the medical experiences among which there were 92% in-patients 87% outpatients of hospitals, 70% emergency and accident services and 87% GP consumers. There was a statement "My local NHS is providing me with a good service" which was supported by 67% of the total survey participants. (NHS 2004 survey) The recent in-patients are noticeably happier than the common public which shows the improvement ion quality of services provided. The shortcoming of getting surgical treatment at the private hospitals is that they are capable of managing the general operations and often the patients are suggested shifting to the NHS hospital in case of exigencies which increases the risk factor for the patients by delaying the surgery. In Wales and England around 749 emergency patients’ shifting occurred only in the year 1999 worth around 2.61 million pounds to NHS which is surely wastage of monetary resources. (Triggle,

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