The highlight of the findings would reveal which motivational programs and incentive schemes are most crucial in enhancing employee performance and increasing productivity on a comparative basis. A concluding portion would summarize relevant details from the discourse. Effective Motivational Techniques: Private versus Public Organizations One of the most closely monitored and evolving concepts in organizational behavior is motivation. Diverse professionals and business practitioners have conducted various studies that revealed the crucial impact that motivational programs have spurred towards the achievement of organizational goals. Factors that have been proven to enhance employee performance and productivity have been scrutinized, ranging from remarkable cash benefits and non-monetary incentive schemes, or a combination of both. However, since contemporary organizations have evolved and were delineated in terms of structure, purpose and roles, public and private organizations, for instance, could not possibly apply the same set of motivational programs deemed to be effective in their respective workplace settings. In this regard, the paper aims to proffer pertinent issues relative to comparative motivational techniques deemed effective in private versus public organizations in the United States. … findings would reveal which motivational programs and incentive schemes or validated guidelines are most crucial in enhancing employee performance and increasing productivity on a comparative basis. A concluding portion would summarize relevant details from the discourse. Contemporary Motivational Techniques Contemporary organizations have evolved into more sophisticated and complex institutions due to the influence of various external and internal factors that affect their operations. Various workplace trends have necessitated the need to adapt and adjust to new development ranging from globalisation of the economy, mergers, privatisation, speedy advancement in information communication technology (ICT), environmental sustainability, aging workforce, and increasing wealth separation (Two, Arikpo, amp. Ojuah, n.d., p. 17). The transformation was marked and evidently validated by Thomas (2009) who acknowledged having reviewed motivation in the workplace setting for more than 30 years. Thomas (2009) averred that the proportion of American workers who say that their work is meaningful, allows them discretion, and makes use of their abilities has more than doubled… (Current breed of employees) raised during an era of rapid technological change and instant access to data, respond best to work that is more meaningful, allows them to learn cutting-edge skills, and lets them find their own ways of accomplishing tasks (p. 1). However, as noted by Boyne (2002), critics of New Public Management argue that differences between public and private organizations are so great that business practices should not be transferred to the public sector (p. 97).