Not all people who are suffering from eating disorders are women. In fact, statistic shows that between 10% – 15% of American men who are not capable of handling emotional challenges could cause them to suffer from eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia. (Cariat &. Camargo, 1991)
Basically, eating disorders are considered as serious psychiatric and physical illnesses related to a person’s unusual eating habit or attitude and behavior on food consumption. Most of the people who have eating disorders are usually unsatisfied with their own body structure and weight. This often causes them to go through unhealthy weight management processes either by not eating at all or the extreme intake of food.
For the purpose of this study, the researcher will describe the different eating disorders related to compulsive overeating, anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa based on the definition set by DSM-IV-TR and other related journals. In the process, the researcher will discuss the similarity and differences of compulsive overeating, anorexia, and bulimia. Eventually, the researcher will conduct a literature review to examine and discuss the biological, psychological, and social factors that contribute to the causation, development, and maintenance of each type of eating disorder.
Compulsive overeating or binge eating is referring to inability of a person to control eating. (American Psychiatric Association, 2000c) Doctors suggest that people who are into binge eating often experience frequent episodes of eating a large amount of food because of these individuals find it hard to control the amount of food they eat even when they are not hungry. (de Zwaan &. Mitchell, 1992) After eating too much food, these people would normally feel the guilt of over eating causing them to be depressed or disgusted for their own actions.
Binge eating is similar to bulimia nervosa in the sense that bulimic people also tend to over eat. .