Car Safety Technology

The School Transportation News (n.d.) gives us a brief acquaintance on the history of seat belts. In the 1930’s, U.S. doctors fitted their own cars with lap belts and began urging car manufacturers to include the feature in all new cars, when they perceived the danger of dashboard designs in earlier vehicles. During the 1950’s, several developments arose: from the Sports Car Club of America requiring competing drivers to fasten lap belts, to the appointing of the Motor Vehicle Seat Belt Committee by the Society of Automotive Engineers. furthermore progressing to Volvo including 2-point cross-chest diagonal belt as an accessory, while Chrysler and Ford included an option for lap belts in some of their models, until Volvo’s design engineer Nils Bolhen patented the Basics of Proper Restraint Systems for Car Occupants, also known as the three-point safety belt, in 1958, and the same car manufacturer involved the said feature as a standard in their models in Sweden. In the 1960’s, Volvo adapted the three-point standard as well in the USA, and most U.S. manufacturers already provided lap belts in the front seats. In the U.S., seat belt anchorages and lap belts became required in front outboard positions then eventually to rear outbound positions. the Congress established what is now known as the NHTSA, as well as the U.S. Commerce made alterations on the seat belt standard. Europe, Japan, and Australia also had several advancements with regard to seat belt use during this decade. The 1970’s through the 1980’s was flooded with more seat belt-use progress with additional countries requiring its use, and the surface of airbags became evident until the implementation of seat belt laws in different states came. The more recent 1990’s and 2000’s shifted attention toward including school buses and other types of passenger vehicles to seat belt-use advocacy, including specific alterations and adjustments to be made on the said vehicles to provide maximum safety, especially to children.

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