Aggressive child behavior in scgool playgrounds

Various unacceptable behaviors among children emerge these days and are continually manifested by them at school settings. More parents and guardians are becoming concern about their children’s behavior as well as their relationships with others. knowing that these are essential components which will direct towards building healthy and also enjoyable relationships, or else, discontentment with oneself as well as other people may occur. Besides, further implications such as social dissatisfaction, lower self-esteem and depression can result and may become predictive of more problems like dropping out of school, poor mental health, juvenile delinquency and aggression among children (National Network for Child Care, 1996 . Williams &amp. Asher, 1993).According to Delveaux &amp. Daniels (2000, p. 672), aggression, bullying and violence on school playgrounds have become one of the decisive issues for several researchers and educators. In fact, recent incidents of school shootings as well as assaults have already raised concerns regarding the nature and cause of the said aggressive acts. All the more, aggression is one indicator that is greatly researched as far as child adjustment is concerned.This paper highlights the prosocial and antisocial behaviors of children based on an investigation conducted to small group which is composed of young males and females. Pro-social and antisocial behaviors are indicators of aggression of children on school playgrounds….
672) Correspondingly, the idea is anchored to the social-ecological theory which further points out that, background characteristics of an individual somehow influence aggressive and violent behavior. Several, longitudinal studies have also demonstrated that, a person’s stability is considerable in relation to the patterns of aggression beginning childhood to adulthood. Stability is likely a function of continuity when in comes to both the child’s constitution and his or her environmental factors. Pepler, Craig &amp. Roberts (1998) added that in general, physically aggressive children have been found to manifest informational processing biases, comparative to their non-aggressive peers, at a certain stage of their behavioral development. Note that to Aldgate, Jones, Rose, &amp. Jeffery (2006, p. 201), there could be other aspects of the child’s environment which also contribute to their aggressive and victimizing behaviors. As a matter of fact, the concept of healthy personality development is an important psychological aspect in controlling some functions of aggression and violence and on this regard self-concept and self-esteem go hand in hand in coping favorable social relationships.
METHOD
Direct observation of several area school playgrounds by the researcher was the primary method of data gathering for this study. As developed in the literature review it is apparent that the use of naturalistic observations is a key tool in studying children unaffected by authority figures dissuading them for their natural behaviors (Hersen &amp. Ammerman, 2000). The target behaviors were noted in the survey tool. this narrowed and refined the focus of the behavior as

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